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HOME > POLICIES > Strengthening Responses to Demographic Crisis > Improvement of a system for supporting childbirth and parenting

Improvement of a system for supporting childbirth and parenting

1. Reinforcement of social responsibilities concerning childbirth

  • (Pregnancy) Differential support for infertility treatment costs according to income level (January to September), health insurance coverage from October of 2017, and quality control through the evaluation of medical institutions performing infertility treatment

♦ Expansion of support for infertility treatment costs

  • (Stage 1: September, 2016 to September, 2017) Abolition of the standards for subsidizing infertility treatment costs in which only people with income below the predetermined level were entitled to support, and upward adjustment of the amount of subsidies and the number of support provisions for those with low income

    * Target of support: 50,000 → 96,000 persons (25,000 persons after the abolition of the aforesaid standards + 21,000 persons to benefit from the aforesaid upward adjustment)

    * Criteria for support: In-vitro fertilization 3 → 4 times for those with up to 130% of the median income (3.65 million won), and the amount of subsidies 1.9 → 2.4 million won

  • (Stage 2: from October 2017) Health insurance coverage for infertility treatment costs and other related expenses (medical examination, anesthesia, medicine, etc.), and moving toward to a universal support system for infertility treatment procedures
  • Expansion of infertility treatment centers in public medical institutions to strengthen counseling, treatment and psychological support

- Additional support for high-risk pregnant women even when the relevant amount is not over 500,000 won*

* Minimization of the decrease of benefits under the existing methods of deducting the flat amount of 500,000 won

Methods and examples of support for high-risk pregnant women
< Methods and examples of support for high-risk pregnant women >
  • ► (2016) Deduction of the flat amount of 500,000 won, and subsidies for 90% of out-of-pocket payments exceeding 500,000 won

  • ► (2017) Support for 90% of out-of-pocket payments

Methods and examples of support for high-risk pregnant women
  • (Childbirth) Expansion of the provision of diapers for low-income people (based on the age of babies: 0 ~ 12 months → 0 ~ 24 months) as well as the provision of powdered milk* (* to cover children from father-child families, children raised by grandparents, etc.)

2. Settlement of customized care services

  • (Child-care) Promotion of the stable settlement of customized child-care services, and the expansion of daycare centers that parents can trust
    • Continued expansion of national, public and company daycare centers (increase by at least 410 units in 2017) so that the proportion of children in national, public or company daycare centers can become at least 32%
    • Improvement of treatment of child-care teachers* and the provision of assistant teachers for young children to be cared for from morning to night

      * Increase of subsidies for improving the working environment for teachers taking care of infants (200,000 → 220,000 won), additional provision of assistant teachers (12,000 → 15,000 persons), imposition of the obligation to install teachers' room(s) at new daycare centers or those with at least 21 infants or young children, etc.

    • Improvement of child-care service quality by expanding the scope of evaluation to all daycare centers

      * The evaluation and certification system is currently operated for the purpose of improving the quality of child-care services, but as this system is operated by receiving applications for evaluation and certification, about 20% (approx. 8,000 places) of the total daycare centers remain in blind spots in terms of evaluation.

  • (Care) To review the development of a model for the project named "Child-care, all together (provisional)" in order to resolve difficulties of patients (e.g., during commuting) by creating linkages through sharing, civic participation, public service jobs, etc.

    * Consultation with related Ministries and agencies, local governments, etc., to examine the consistency with the existing systems and to improve the effectiveness, model research, implementation of pilot projects, etc.

Blind spots of care services
Child-care (children aged 0 to 12 years old)

*56,000 persons/differential payment based on income levels

Blind spots of care services

*Use of private services
Caring for elementary school students (aged 6 to 12 years old)

*240,000 persons/payment for school meals and snacks

Child-care and education (those aged 0 to 5 years old)

*2.44 million persons/free support

Application by those in blind spots


Provision of care services using local resources
Child-care, all together
"Child-care, all together"
  • Linkage, coordination and management of services

    - Local governor-led operation of "local child-care council," diagnosis of blind spots, support for locally specialized and necessary caring services, and identification and management of resources such as workforce and space

  • Resources for services

    - (Workforce) Citizen participation, including career disconnected women, retired teachers, people with health/welfare-related qualifications, etc. + public service jobs (administration, etc.)

    - (Space) Remodeling of idle spaces of public institutions (libraries, cultural centers, etc.), and linkage with the existing care facilities (comprehensive child-rearing support centers, co-parenting and sharing centers, etc.)

  • Use of service and payment

    - Application and registration for use of services by those in child-care blind spots, and payment of actual expenses by applicants

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    Collaboration through the development of a joint model for related Ministries and agencies, support for pilot projects, etc.

Last Update : 2017.4.21

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